Qatar has been a divisive choice, from its winning bid to host the 2022 World Cup to its preparations for the month-long tournament. The hot weather in the Persian Gulf country forced a change from the usual summer schedule to the cooler months of November and December. Learn about the FIFA World Cup 2022 Venue with us.
The mystery of how a small country with no soccer history (population 2.7 million) won a secret vote to host the World Cup continues to be investigated. While human rights organizations have criticized the exploitation of foreign employees, Qatar claims the event will help improve labor rules.
FIFA World Cup 2022 Venue
The accusations of vote-buying have lingered since FIFA granted Russia and Qatar the privilege to each organize a World Cup in 2010. (Before the 2010 World Cup, two members of the 24-man FIFA management board who voted ballots for World Cup hosts were expelled after being caught on camera selling votes for money.)
Whereas a FIFA inquiry into their proposals absolved Russia and Qatar of wrongdoing, investigations in Switzerland and France are ongoing. Three FIFA executive committee members are accused of taking bribes to support Qatar’s candidacy in a 2020 US indictment.
Vote-buying charges have been levelled against Qatar. According to FIFA, the decision to give the event to the emirate was based on FIFA’s objective of promoting soccer to new territories.
Why Qatar For FIFA 2022?
Qatar is investing a massive number in hosting the world’s most significant sporting event, with Bloomberg Intelligence forecasting that $300 billion in infrastructure investments will be completed before the opening game on November 21. (Russia spent $11 billion on the 2018 World Cup, which drew 3.6 billion spectators on television and online.)
It’s a sum Qatar — a country the size of Connecticut in the United States — hopes will demonstrate its commitment to becoming a tourism and business destination capable of competing with regional competitor Dubai.
Qatar, which has significant natural gas reserves and is one of the world’s wealthiest countries, can afford the expenditure (equal to more than $900,000 per citizen). The World Cup is expected to boost Qatar’s economy by $20 billion, or nearly 11% of the country’s gross domestic product, in 2019.
It is due to how it treats over a million poor migrant laborers, mainly from South Asia and Africa. A 2013 investigation in the British newspaper The Guardian exposed rampant exploitation of laborers assisting in constructing World Cup assets, with high numbers of deaths due to excessive heat and working accidents.
The UN slammed Qatar for racial discrimination in 2019, claiming that a laborer’s citizenship bears a “dominant influence” in addressing them. The soccer preparations brought attention to the Gulf region’s “kafala” (sponsorship) system, which requires workers’ permission to change employment, return home, or even open a bank account.
The problem of labor rights isn’t the only one that could elicit worldwide condemnation. In March 2021, Human Rights Watch urged Qatar to implement legislation to end the male guardianship system, a loose set of norms and rules that requires many women’s personal decisions to be approved by a male family member. Although homosexuality is prohibited, fines are rarely enforced, and local World Cup officials have stated that displays promoting LGBTQ rights will be permitted in stadiums.
Although Qatari authorities denied inevitable specific complaints about laborer abuse, they began construction on new living quarters for workers and promised to improve safety. Qatar, whose workforce is 95 percent foreign, implemented new labor regulations in 2020 that guarantee minimum pay and make it simpler to switch jobs to undermine the kafala system.
At least on paper, the improvements make Qatar’s labor rules among the friendliest in the Gulf. Qatar is a devoutly Muslim nation that wears conservative attire despite the climate. While five-star hotels allow for some freedom, other public venues, including malls, require women and men to cover their bodies from the shoulders to the knees.
Public displays of affection are frowned upon, and hand-holding is uncommon. According to World Cup organizers, tourists will be able to drink in designated “fan zones” and as part of high-end hospitality packages at stadiums.
Alcohol is now limited to eateries affiliated with the swankiest hotels. According to local media, only fully vaccinated supporters will be permitted into stadiums for Covid-19. For visiting fans, Qatar plans to purchase 1 million shots.
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